Mike sent me a photo from Omdurman. He says it’s not the tomb of the mahdi but it does give a contemporary feel of the historic city.
Hayes is well past Omdurman in this segment, making his way across the Nile/Congo divide.
January 31 1914 – February 5,1914
On the last day of January 1914 Hayes’ small caravan arrives at “Libogo (stone),” a station atop a mountainous rock from which he can see across “a great expanse of rolling country” to other high hills marking the Congo-Nile divide. By Libogo Hayes has learned to call “the concubine of the Englishman who lives beyond Yei” by her name, Maliboro. He receives the typical offer, and issues his standard refusal: “Maliboro… offers to throw [the Englishman] over and cast her lot with me in the Congo. She is not unprepossessing in looks or manner, but she must stick to her first love.” Perhaps he was less cynical when speaking to Maliboro in person.
After struggling half the night to cross the swollen Yei River, Hayes met a gentleman: Colonel Dove of the Anglo-Egyptian Army. “This man has some common sense, something usually lacking in army officers of any nation.” Hayes failed to mention that officials at Rejaf had bound his shotgun with wire to prevent hunting. Dove removed the wires from his gun and allowed Hayes to sensibly rearrange his porter’s loads. Dove’s pragmatic efficiency “makes up for a lot of the boors like those out shooting on the way up the Nile.”
Tsetse fly was identified as the vector for sleeping sickness by David Bruce in 1903 – eleven years before Hayes passed through “a great sleeping sickness camp at Yei containing 450 patients.” An arsenic based treatment developed in 1910 – with blindness as a considerable side effect – might have been in use at the camp. The doctors say “there is hope” for many of the patients lightly infected. Some of the more advanced cases “imagine they are hyenas or other wild animals and simulate these beasts in their actions.” Others have entered “their last long sleep that can only end in death. It may take a man three or four years to die, but die he will unless some check can be made by these medical men here.” Hayes reports the presence of two types of tsetse flies in this region, one infecting domestic animals, the other humans. He asserts as fact that “in a little while all these cattle in the transport will have been bitten and in due course die.” A reader can’t help but wonder why he didn’t assert the same fact about himself.
Some patients at the camp at Yei suffered a parasitic guinea worm that makes its way to the foot after being introduced through drinking water. Hayes describes a treatment used in 1914, based on “some strong solution” and a match, that pretty closely mirrors the 2007 photograph of treatment for guinea worm on wikipedia.
Maliboro came to Yei as “temporary wife” to Quentin Grogan brother to Ewart Grogan. Of Quentin, Hayes writes: “This man has a world-wide reputation as a hunter. He was recently a guide to Theodore Roosevelt in the latter’s expedition to Africa on a great game hunt.” Of Ewart, Hayes writes, he “was the first man to make the journey from Capetown to Cairo.” Ewart Grogan undertook his trip up the continent for love, finishing in 1900, as has been recently re-enacted and chronicled by Julian Smith in Crossing the Heart of Africa.
Hayes stayed a few days at the home of Quentin Grogan outside Yei at a station called Yagulu where he accounted Grogan’s ivory from the two elephants permitted in the Mongalla district: “one weighing 111-111 pounds each, the other 125-134 pounds, or 481 pounds of ivory for two elephants.” In addition, all officers at the post get two more elephants on a permit from Uganda, then pay the Belgians for two more in the Congo. “… as ivory is $5 or $6 a pound … it adds materially to one’s salary and gives sport to the hunter.” Perhaps this last remark is ironic? Hayes immediately follows it with “This man is a great hunter.”
Hayes writes that Europeans commonly take temporary African wives, though Brits rarely acknowledge the practice openly. Ever one to admire candor, Hayes writes of Quentin and Maliboro: “He acknowledged her openly, something unusual for a Britisher.” Through Hayes’ eyes all will be well: “When he leaves the country , [Quentin] will reward her with many gifts and she will return to her people… [to] be sold by her parents to some native later, bear children and be an honored member of her community.” Children from her temporary union with Quentin Grogan are unlikely because “Europeans do not breed freely in the tropics, else the country would be full of half castes.” One reads no trace of irony in these credulous remarks.
On February 5, 1914 Hayes crossed from the Sudan into the Congo. Despite his glorious adventure down the Nile: “I now bid farewell to the hamrah and the regulation-ridden Sudan, and leave it gladly hoping never to see it again.” Neither the British who govern the Sudan nor the Belgians in control of the Congo maintain a post at the border; the Brits remain 38 miles east at Yei, the Belgians 12 miles west of the divide at Aba. Crossing the international border necessitated a change of porters. “A wild, excited crowd of 70 porters were waiting for loads when I rached this place (also called Libogo).” An excessively observant Moslem Egyptian sub-officer annoyed Hayes with public prayers but the man’s slight English helped Hayes arrange for a new group of porters.
The character of the land changed dramatically at the Congo-Nile divide: thirsty and dry on the Nile side; lush and green on the Congo side. “We had not covered a half mile west of Libogo before there was a sparkling clear rivulet beside us, and here about Aba are great evergreen trees and every evidence of a more rainy region, far removed from that of the Nile.” Aba was “once an important post, there being fine brick houses and other relics of what was once a town.” When Hayes passed through only two European officers and several Greek traders remained plus “a German officer, ostensibly a collector of natural history for a Berlin museum, but in reality a political agent,” who seemed most intent on shooting elephants, six of them, “without regard for the law.” The German claimed he’d been attacked but all of them were large tuskers “and in some way he has got them out of the county without paying full toll.”
Nothing to hold him at Aba. Forward into the lush greenery of the Congo.